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LH DETECT® in Reproduction, 2011 / 141 (6) :833-40

ZACHUT M, ARIELI A, MOALLEM U, 2011. Incorporation of dietary n-3 fatty acids into ovarian compartments in dairy cows and the effects on hormonal and behavioral patterns around estrus. Reproduction, 2011 Jun;141(6):833-40.
Abstract
The objective of this study was to examine the incorporation of dietary n-3 fatty acids (FAs) into ovarian compartments and the effects on hormonal and behavioral patterns around estrus. Multiparous 256-day pregnant cows were fed either a standard diet both prepartum and postpartum (PP) (control; n=22) or supplemented with extruded flaxseed (E-FLAX) providing C18:3n-3 at 172.2 and 402.5  g/day per cow prepartum and PP respectively (n=22). The estrous cycle was synchronized, and at day 7 of the cycle, the cows were injected with prostaglandin F(2)(α) (PGF(2)(α)) and then subjected to 5 days of intensive examination. Compared with those in the control, in the E-FLAX group, the interval from PGF(2)(α) injection to behavioral estrus peak tended to be longer (3.6  h; P<0.1), that to estradiol (E(2)) peak was 6.5  h longer (P<0.03), and that to LH peak tended to be longer (5.3  h; P<0.07). The durations of behavioral estrus and E(2) surge were longer, and the area under the E(2) curve was greater in the E-FLAX cows. Afterward, 7-8 days following behavioral estrus, follicular fluids (FFs) from >7  mm follicles were aspirated. The proportions of n-3 FA increased in plasma, FF, and granulosa cells in the E-FLAX group. The concentrations of PGE(2) in the E(2)-active follicles tended to be lower in the E-FLAX cows (P<0.06). In conclusion, several modifications in hormonal and behavioral estrus patterns were demonstrated in cows fed n-3 FA, which might be attributed to alterations in membrane FA composition and partly mediated by lower PGE(2) synthesis.

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