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LH-DETECT® in Animal Reproduction Science, 2008

PELLICER-RUBIO MT, LEBOEUF B, BERNELAS D, FORGERIT Y, POUGNARD JL, BONNE JL, SENTY E. BRETON S, BRUN F, CHEMINEAU P 2008 High fertility using artificial insemination during deep anoestrus after induction and synchronisation of ovulatory activity by the "male effect" in lactating goats subjected to treatment with artificial long days and progestagens. Animal Reproduction Science 109(1-4):172-188.

The response to the male effect was studied in two Saˆanen and two Alpine flocks over 5 consecutive years. Adult male and female goats were exposed to artificial long days (16 h light and 8 h darkness, 16L:8D) in open barns for approximately 3 months (between December 1 and April 15) followed by a natural photoperiod.
Goats were treated for 11 days with fluorogestone acetate (FGA) or progesterone (CIDR) immediately before joining. Bucks carrying marking harnesses with adapted aprons joined females 49-63 days after the end of the long-day treatment (between April 30 and June 5) and were left with them for 5 days. In experiment 1 (n = 142), FGA- and CIDR-treated goats were inseminated at a time based on the detection of oestrus.
Two insemination groups were distinguished by the occurrence of marking over a 48-h period. Earlier (group 1) and later (group 2) buck-marked goats received one single insemination 12-24 h or 0-12 h after marking, respectively. Unmarked goats were inseminated along with group 2. In experiment 2 (n = 344), FGA-treated goats were inseminated 52 and 70 h (52 h:70 h group) or 52 and 75 h (52 h:75 h group) after joining. In experiment 3 (n = 285), FGA-treated goats were inseminated 52 h (1-AI group) or 52 and 75 h.

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